The final vote on the impeachment trial was separated in two rounds, one to decide on the dismissal of the president, and the other on the political disqualification for a period of eight years.
In a first vote, the Senate decided to remove Rousseff and continues the vote on the ban on holding public office in the coming years.
At the time of writing this note and ended the vote on the disqualification and the results obtained were against it, so the ousted president, is free to exercise any public office.
Meanwhile, the interim president, Michel Temer, will remain at the head of command of the South American giant until the end of 2018, despite the enormous aura of antipopularidad surrounding the implementation (in the short time he has been in power) policy economic deeply marked by budget cuts and privatization of services and benefits for the average citizen.
social and political movements, activists and civil society sectors accuse the leader of the centrist Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB) of coup. But Temer is also said retrograde, this reverse take social, political demands reached by the most disadvantaged who had countersigned the leaders of the leftist Workers Party (PT), Luiz Inacio Lula Da Silva and Dilma Rousseff.
Rousseff was suspended from office on May 12 because the Senate decided to prosecute him for alleged manipulation of public accounts in 2014 (the year of his re-election) and in early 2015.
The process was opened in December 2015, and after traveling a long way to the lower house and the upper house of Congress, evidence gathering, presentation of testimony and other proceedings by a special committee of the Senate; Rousseff was convicted and definitively dismissed by more than 54 votes (two thirds of the Senate).
For anyone in Brazil it was a secret that the impeachment against Rousseff was a "soft coup", as he called the Nobel Adolfo Perez Esquivel Peace Prize: "The soft blows and were implemented on the continent in countries as Honduras (Manuel Zelaya) and Paraguay (Fernando Lugo). Now, the same methodology, you do not need the armed forces, is he using here in Brazil, "he said.
The defense attorney Rousseff, José Eduardo Cardozo, described the trial as "a farce" and a blow against democracy. During the process, including secret recordings in which the premise that the impeachment was just an attempt to curb corruption investigations megaescándalo in state Petrobras hit Rousseff both the party and the fear was clear filtered.
"We have to solve that shit. You have to change the government to stop this bleeding," he said the recordings the former Minister of Planning, Romero Juca, who had to resign after revealing the audio. The then Minister of Transparency, Fabiano Silveira, also fell after another leak in which it was evident that criticized the investigation of corruption in Petrobras.
Although Rousseff defense asked the Senate committee include such recordings between tests to be analyzed to show that the impeachmet unfounded; Senator Antonio Anastasia (in charge of preparing the final report and pro-impeachment) rejected the request and considered the facts "outside the object of the process."
Who support Temer?
After May 12, when Rousseff was separated from office, the protests against the interim government of Michel Temer began playing throughout the national territory, and even beyond Brazil's borders, and it is becoming more the rejection, which shows how little popular support that has Temer. The Olympic Games in Rio de Janerio 2016, even provided a backdrop to achieve greater international visibility to the protests carried out against the interim president.
For the month of June, according to the survey of MDA / CNT's executive Temer only he had a positive assessment of 11.3 percent, while 30.2 percent consider regulate their management. The survey also indicated that 50.3 percent of respondents called for holding early elections this year, compared to 46.1 percent who believe that the elections should be held in 2018 as scheduled.
In this regard, Rousseff proposed and publicly promised that if resumed his duties would hold a referendum to ask the people if they really wanted to bring forward the presidential election: "The full restoration of democracy requires that the people can decide which way to expand governance and mejoarr the Brazilian electoral system, "said Rousseff.
As for Temer, despite the vote of confidence that markets deposited in the government of former vice president, he does not get out of the proceeds of corruption scandals in which his party has been embroiled crisis. To this is added the fact that Temer struggle to stabilize amid serious questions about its legitimacy and a severe economic recession.